A Review on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), was commissioned in July 2014 by the UK Prime Minister, who asked economist Jim O’Neill to analyse the global problem of rising drug resistance and propose concrete actions to tackle it internationally.
The main conclusions from the report were that
- 700,000 deaths (current rate) globally every year are attributed to antimicrobial resistance.
- By 2050, the death rate could be as high as 10 million per year – that’s one person every 3 seconds.
- Development of new drugs and improvement of existing ones is key in the fight against antimicrobial resistance.
- By 2050, the cost of antimicrobial resistance could be as high as $100 trillion meaning every person alive in the world today will be $10,000 worse off.
- During the ‘golden era’ of antibiotic discovery in the 1940s and 1950s saw a steady stream of products coming to market, today’s total antibiotics pipeline is fewer than 50.